Menopause is the period of time after a woman stops seeing her menstrual cycle. One of the simplest diagnosis of this condition is when you go 12 months without experiencing your menstrual cycle.
Although this does not happen to every age among the womenfolk, this is always record in women within the age of 40 – 50, but the average of 51 is standard.
Menopause is a biological sequence that occurs in every woman.
Below are some signs of menopause
- Irregular periods
- Vaginal dryness
- Hot flashes
- Night Sweats
- Sleep problems
- Mood changes
- Weight gain and slowed metabolism
- Thinning hair and dry skin
- Vaginal dryness
- Loss of breast fullness
Not seeing your periods prior to menopause is common and expected. in most cases, menstrual periods can skip some months and return, or worst cases skip several months and then start up monthly cycles again for a few months.
When do you need to see a doctor!
During menopause or prior to menopause you are expected to see a medical doctor when bleeding is noticed, the medical doctor may recommend some test such as colonoscopy, mammography, triglyceride screening and thyroid testing.
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What causes menopause?
1. Reduction in reproductive hormones
These are as a result of less production of sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone during lates 30s, these hormones menstruation. When these hormones are in less circulation, your menstrual periods are shorter at the average of 51 years they are your ovaries stop producing eggs, that marks the end of your periods.
Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes all some parts of the uterus. This medical procedure does not actually kickstart menopause but the fact that you no longer have periods which marks menopause and your ovaries still release eggs and produce estrogen and progesterone make this fact considered as a cause menopause.
3. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
These cancer therapies have been recorded to induce menopause, producing symptoms such as hot flashes shortly after treatment. The cease to menstruation (and fertility) is not always permanent following this therapy, so birth control measures may still be desired.
After menopause, your risk of certain medical conditions rises, for instance
1. Cardiovascular disease.
When your estrogen levels decrease, your risk of cardiovascular disease elevates. Heart disease is the cause of death in women as well as in men in the US today. So it’s important to keep fit with exercise, eat a healthy meal and maintain a normal weight. See your doctor for advice and regular checkup concerning your heart states, such as to your keep your cholesterol level or blood pressure in check.
This is a medical condition were your bones to become brittle and weak, leading to a risk of easy bone fracture. During the first few years after menopause, you may notice a reduction in bone density at a rapid rate, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. which leaves you at risk bone, spine, hips and wrists fractures.
3. Urinary incontinence
As the muscles of your vagina and urethra lose elasticity, you may experience incontinence, sudden, strong urges to urine, followed by an involuntary loss of urine, or the loss of urine with coughing, laughing or lifting.Urinary tract infections are recorded more often.
Topical vaginal estrogen and kegel exercises will help Strengthen pelvic floor muscle and using a may help relieve symptoms of incontinence.
4. Sexual function.
Vaginal dryness caused by a decline in vagina moisture and loss of elasticity can cause a great discomfort and slight bleeding during sexual intercourse.
Water-based vaginal moisturizers and lubricants may help.
5. Weight gain.
Weight gain during menopause transition and after menopause caused by a slow metabolism. My advice eats less and exercises more, just to maintain your current weight.
Bottom line: Menopause is a natural phenomenon which can’t be avoided but can be managed properly, In cases of unusual complications of menopause you should consult your doctor for medical evaluations.
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