7 Symptoms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) you never knew.

What is JIA?

(JIA) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis also is known as Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) is inflammatory arthritis affecting children within up to the of age 16.

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Most forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmunity is a situation were ones cells are mistakenly destroyed by your immune system for seeing it as foreign.

The immune system attacks the following.

  • Cells
  • Tissue
  • Joints

This attack causes pains in the joints, swelling, stiffness. This disease can be triggered by a bacteria organism such as streptococcal.

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This autoimmune disease is considered chronic because a single attack can last for years.

Types of JIA

1. Polyarthritis: polyarthritis also known as polyarticular JIA affects up to five joints and above in the first six months of manifestation.

  • Joints affected: Finger Joints
  • Hand
  • knee
  • Jaw

2. Oligoarthritis: Oligoarthritis was also known as Pauciarticular JIA. Unlike the polyarthritis
it affects four or fewer joints.

Joints affected: Hip

Systemic JIA: Here JIA affects all parts of the body, not leaving behind vital organs such as the

  • Liver
  • Heart
  • Spleen

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Symptoms of JIA:

  • Increase in body temperature (fever)
  • Rashes
  • Anemia
  • Lymph node enlargement

Other types of JIA include

Enthesitis-related JIA: Here they are inflammation of tendons, ligament, sacroiliac joints.
The hip, knee, feet can also be affected.

Psoriatic JIA: Here they are psoriasis with other symptoms such as nail pitting, nail separation ( onycholysis) and swelling of fingers and toes (dactylitis)

7 symptoms of JIA

1. Pains in the joint

Joint pains are is the common sign of JIA, tender growth and swelling of the joint has been noticed.
Other features

  • Redness
  • Stiffness
  • Loss of mobility

Individuals with JIA are usually identified with limping, this is due to pains in their ankles, knees, and hips.

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2. Risk of arthritis

Risk of arthritis can come and go in a process called flare-up. During this process, the symptoms worsen.

The symptoms can go into remission and become less severe or disappear in these this process.

Flares-up appear in different forms in individuals such as

Some experience permanent flare-up.

Some experience frequent flare-up.

Some have few flare-up and never experience symptoms again.

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3. Fatigue accompanied with loss of appetite

Pains that arise from the joints can cause you to feel tired,
loss of appetite has been recorded which leads to weight loss as the individual grows.

One of the ways to manage it is to stay active and do more exercise which in turn result in the release of body natural painkillers such as endorphins.

Exercise can also strengthen the muscle around the joints to reduce pain and help keep you flexible.


4. Growing unevenly

Due to the presence of growth plate and cartilage in your joints affected by arthritis, this can lead to distortion of growth and uneven growth of the body.

This growth plate regulates the growth of bones in the body, arthritis can make this growth regulator dysfunctional leaving the affected individual growing unevenly.


5. Eye pains

Redness and pain in the eye have been recorded in inflammation associated with arthritis.
Signs are high sensitivity to bright lights due to inflammation.

Untreated JIA that affects the eye can damage the eye if untreated, the eye can be diagnosed using slit lamp test.

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6. Pyrectic effect (fever) and skin rash

Light Pinkish rash on the skin can manifest due to systemic JIA, Below are parts of the body were this signs appears on

  • abdomen
  • back
  • chest
  • hands
  • feet

Fever and rash come and goes, fever that results from JIA can be as high as (39.4°C) in body temperature, and it can last for long ( weeks).


7. Lymphadenopathy and swells in other organs

The lymph nodes are small glands found all over the body that aids in filtering substance in the body.

Lymphadenopathy is the abnormal swelling of the lymph nodes and this has been discovered with individual suffering from systemic JIA

This inflammation that affects the lymph node can spread to affects other organs in the body such as the

  • Spleen
  • Heart
  • Liver
  • Lungs


Bottom Line: Being diagnose of JIA bring some unpleasant feelings and they usually discovered in the young and comes with serious painful sensation with can seem difficult to live with.

Moreover, the best approach to JIA is early treatment and symptoms management have proven to be one of the best ways to treat JIA in children.

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